ETERNITY AND DETERMINISM

By William Markiewicz

Universe

God forgive, I like "crackpot science" and "crackpot philosophy." A reader survey a while ago in In-Genius approved the genre so I take the liberty of proposing my own brand.

The popular hypothesis is that after our universe ends with a "Big Crunch," the next "Big Bang" will give birth to some entirely different universe because this immeasurable complexity cannot repeat itself. I propose an entirely opposite point of view, namely that there is no possibility other than repetition down to the most minute detail.

Each action is a reaction, meaning that self induced changes don't exist. A perfectly closed system remains the same forever. So, a totally sealed container or a projectile moving in an absolute vacuum will both represent "closed systems." Our universe is a closed system because there is nothing outside of it. The changes inside of the closed system may be extremely complex, but they always end by being repetitive; simultaneous "changes-no changes."

The "Big Bang" is the only self induced, basic, action-reaction process. The initial explosion must have been absolutely symmetrical and the expanding particles absolutely equal to each other. When the particles started to lose their original impetus toward expansion only and to interact, to aggregate, to create cosmic dust, galaxies, stars, life... no matter what the resulting complexity, it is always the first cause that creates the leading pattern. Hazard, unpredictability, chaos, exist only from the elements' point of view and not from the point of view of anybody who could have witnessed the beginning. The "Big Bang," a dead king, continues to rule. We can compare the cosmic situation to the octopus model; one tentacle, does not have to know about the action or position of the other. But the head that crowns all of them, and is the core of the unity of the being, knows.

Let's leave the cosmic, universal dimension and step into the human dimension. The human being, paradoxically, may be "living proof" of the repetitive reality of the universe. We know that the existence of the 'Sixth Sense' is not accepted in science but the army and the police employ individuals who claim those abilities. Practically every one of us, when open minded, has witnessed the extraordinary phenomenon of mediums, i.e., of individuals who seem to see or to know things that normally they shouldn't, like other people's past and future. Personally, I don't find such mediums more extraordinary than a spider weaving its web or the ant-lion which digs a funnel and sprays sand from the bottom onto the passing ants. The word "instinct" is used as a smoke screen for our ignorance. The future that the medium foresees must pre-exist because what doesn't exist could not be seen. Past, present, future, are like points on a line already drawn. In an everlasting reality our genes, environment, and other invisible strings condition our fate and our decisions.

Predeterminism and repetition are twins. "Mediums" don't only tell you whether you will win a million or break a leg, they are an involuntary and unconscious mirror of the pan-universe, witnesses that all that exists has and will exist forever. It may mean that previous "Big Bangs" were exactly the same as ours and the future ones will be the same as well; an eternity on both sides of Time.

In this cosmological conception, only Matter/Energy performs its repetitive circles while Time and Space remain unchanging, a very comfortable notion for our logic and our senses. For mathematicians who focus on the Quanta, Space can curve, Time can expand. Schroedigger's Cat can be alive and dead simultaneously. For my modest Newtonian mind, structured and nourished with five senses, Schroedigger's Cat is either alive or dead and Time and Space are nonentities, eternal and immutable. They exist only as measures of relationships. Space is not to be compared to a container because a container by definition has to have limits and may be subject to change. Space should rather be compared to a limitless stage, an emptiness with nothing of its own, always open for the ongoing eternal repetitive drama. Also, there doesn't have to be only one "Big Bang" at a time. As space is infinite, there is enough of it for an infinity of "Big Bangs." Will all of them be mirror images of one another? A great topic for space operas.

What may all of this mean to us? A lot and nothing simultaneously. Nothing because we can do nothing about it. A lot because if we consider that everything may repeat itself, including ourselves, then "we" have carried and will carry our hells and heavens forever.

I would like to end on the positive side of my... theory. We must make the best use possible of our free will even if it is preprogrammed and precisely because it is preprogrammed. Accepting this kind of hypothesis can increase the sense of responsibility for the rest of our life/lives. Also, if everything is a repetitive pattern including ourselves, it deflates our egocentricity.

Maybe it makes sense to end with a personal example. I am a natural pessimist and I have come to the conclusion that pessimism, even justified, is a poison and a loss of time. So I will try to do my best with what promises to be a long journey.

I recently translated this article into Polish and as a result decided to make some minor changes to this English version. WM


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